Dog Grooming Basics: Understanding the Needs of Different Coat Types

Posted on July 19, 2023 by Pinnacle Vet Clinic

dog grooming requirements for different breeds

Owning a dog brings immeasurable joy and companionship to our lives. However, it’s important to remember that each dog breed is unique, not only in terms of personality and physical traits but also when it comes to grooming needs. Proper grooming is essential for the overall health and well-being of our furry friends. In this blog, we will explore the grooming requirements of various dog breeds and provide helpful insights to keep your canine companion looking and feeling their best.

Grooming Long-Haired Breeds

Long-haired breeds, such as the Shih Tzu, Afghan Hound, or Yorkshire Terrier, possess stunning, flowing coats that demand regular attention. Here’s what you need to know:


Daily brushing is necessary to prevent tangles, matting, and the accumulation of dirt and debris. Dogs with these kinds of coats often require daily brushing. Use a slicker brush or a comb specifically designed for long hair. Long-haired breeds also require regular trimming as part of their grooming routine to avoid matting and obstructed vision.


Long-haired dogs generally require baths every 2-4 weeks, depending on their activity level and coat condition. Use a gentle dog shampoo and conditioner, and be sure to thoroughly dry their fur afterward.

Grooming Short-Haired Breeds

Short-haired breeds, such as the Boxer, Dalmatian, or Labrador Retriever, have sleek coats that may seem low-maintenance, but they still require proper grooming.


Though less frequent than in long-haired breeds, regular brushing helps remove loose hair and stimulates the skin. Use a soft-bristle brush or grooming mitt to keep their coat looking glossy.


Short-haired dogs typically require bathing every 6-8 weeks or as needed. Avoid over-bathing, as it can strip natural oils from their skin.

Grooming Double-Coated Breeds

Double-coated breeds, like the German Shepherd, Siberian Husky, or Golden Retriever, have a dense undercoat beneath their longer outer coat. Maintaining their coat health is vital.


Regular brushing, at least once or twice a week, helps remove loose hair and prevents matting. Use a slicker brush or an undercoat rake to reach the dense undercoat.


Double-coated breeds experience heavy shedding during certain seasons. More frequent brushing and using a de-shedding tool can help manage hair loss and keep your home cleaner.


These breeds benefit from occasional baths, approximately every 2-3 months, or as needed. Use a dog-specific shampoo and conditioner that won’t strip the natural oils.

Grooming Hypoallergenic Breeds

Hypoallergenic breeds, such as the Poodle, Bichon Frise, or Maltese, have hair-like coats that continually grow rather than shed. They require specialized grooming attention:


Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and tangling. Brushing should be done daily or every other day, using a slicker brush or a comb suitable for their hair texture.

Professional Grooming

Hypoallergenic breeds often require professional grooming every 4-8 weeks to maintain their coat’s desired length and style. This includes haircuts, ear cleaning, and nail trimming.

Consequences of Poor Grooming

Failure to groom your dog regularly can lead to matting and a variety of skin problems. Accumulation of dirt, debris, and dead hair can cause irritation, itching, and discomfort for your dog. Additionally, matting or tangling of the coat can pull on the skin, leading to painful sores or hotspots. Untrimmed hair around sensitive areas like the eyes or ears can also result in infections.


Grooming is an integral part of caring for your dog, regardless of their breed. By understanding the unique grooming needs of different dog breeds, you can ensure their coats remain healthy, clean, and beautiful. Remember to tailor your grooming routine to your dog’s specific requirements and consult a professional groomer for breed-specific techniques or if you need additional assistance. With proper grooming, you can strengthen your bond with your furry friend while enhancing their overall well-being and appearance.

dog grooming requirements for different breeds